Logistics 4.0 is a fact here
The increase volume of ecommerce and dynamics of manufacturing supply chains imply new challenges on both operational and technological views.
Load factor optimization
how to collaborate and merge/consolidate deliveries in such a way that load factor, run empty rates and in general, resources utilization will be optimized. COG-LO introduces the “Cargo Hitchhiking” concept: a dynamic form of consolidation and delivery merging by utilizing IoT and Analytics technology as the means for identification of possible collaborations in real-time and along the route.
Using hybrid ad-hoc social secure networks, Logistics Service Providers (LSPs) will be able to identify the “nearby” opportunities. Through COG-LO cognitive services, LSPs will be able to re-plan the deliveries accordingly in response to the needs of ad-hoc collaborations resulting in increased load factor & improved “milk runs”.
Dynamic response to events and ad-hoc orders
Ad-hoc delivery requests and unexpected events pose the need for more flexible logistics processes, in order to maintain high SLAs and customer satisfaction. In such case, flexible and effective re-scheduling is of utmost importance. COG-LO introduces the notion of a Cognitive Logistics Object (CLO): any physical object participating in the supply chain (cargo, vehicle, warehouse, Parking slot, other transport modes, systems, etc.).
COG-LO will develop a cognitive framework and the CLO Advisor tool that will process large amounts of heterogeneous data and enable the CLO to understand, assess possible alternatives (and routes) and propose solutions to unexpected or ad-hoc events.
The growth of e-commerce and Cross-country deliveries
Globalization is increasing the level of cross-border e-commerce. However, inefficient cross-border delivery is consistently in the top three biggest barriers for online merchants to sell across different EU Member States, due to lack of common information sharing models and processes. Τhe main challenge is how to exchange information over secure and private networks that will enable better and collaborative decision making
The project will enhance existing interoperability frameworks delivered in previous projects and adopt them in the context of the “cargo hitchhiking” concept, ad-hoc deliveries and dynamic response to changes. Security and privacy will be introduced, with reference to the associated laws and regulations (particularly the General Data Protection Regulation - GDPR), leveraging holistic access and usage control and advanced cryptography, whereas visibility, traceability and trust will be fostered in terms of blockchain-based transaction management and smart contracts.
New collaborative models integrating the Digital and Physical Internet
collaboration is the next trend considering supply chains, where the customers have greater involvement. This fact combined with the emergence of Logistics4.0 pose the need for new future collaborative models based on multi-partner information sharing.
The project will deliver a holistic collaborative and cognitive framework, the central of which is the CLO (either physical object or system or human). Under this framework, we will provide the tools that will allow CLOs to exchange information; take decisions and assess collaborative opportunities (“Cargo Hitchhiking”) by collecting and processing large amounts of data. Further to that, COG-LO will define new collaborative models such as dynamic pick-up points, etc.
COG-LO will be deployed in three major pilot cases:
1. Cross country Logistics:
implemented by Slovenian and Croatian Posts supported by JSI and PostEurope.
2. Intra-country Logistics:
implemented by ELTA, supported by SingularLogic, SWARCO and ITS. This pilot case is divided into backbone logistics (major intra-country route) and urban logistics (courier services in Athens areas).
3. Multimodal Logistics:
implemented by EKOL, supported by INTRASOFT and TRT. This case includes terminal operations at the port of Trieste and cargo transshipment at the Greek port of Lavrio for final destination Turkey.